Discernment of spirits is the interpretation of what St. Ignatius Loyola called the "motions of the soul." These interior movements consist of thoughts, imaginings, emotions, inclinations, desires, feelings, repulsions, and attractions. Spiritual discernment of spirits involes becoming sensitive to these movements, reflecting on them, and understanding where they come from and where they lead us. Ignatius Loyola summarized his approach to discernment of spirits in two sets of Rules for Discernment, which he included in the Spiritual Excercises. The rules deal with ways to interpret the states of consolation (joy, peace, gratitude, and the life and desolation, depression, anxiety, fear) that people typically experience in the course of cultivating a spiritual life. The first set give practical spiritual advice about dealing with desolation - those times when the heart feels far from God and spiritual vigor wanes. The second set are intended to help people who are firmly extablished in the spiritual life. They focus on spiritual consolation and help people discern when the spiritual consolation they are feeling is an authentic sign of God's presence.